Police and defence | South African Authorities

SA Police Service
Crime in SA
School Safety Programme
Forensic Science Services and Criminal Record Centre
Drug eradication
Vehicle crime
Firearms control
Liqour control
Illegal gambling
Second-hand goods services
Emergency Response Services
Revervist system
Partnership policing
Rural safety
Operational Response Services
Specialised interventions
Air Wing
Airport security
Detective Service
Crime detection
Bureau for Missing Persons
Crime Stop
Family Violence, Child Protection and Sexual Offences
Specialised Investigations
Forensic Science Laboratory
Crime Intelligence
Protection and Security Services
Presidential Protection Services
Visible policing
Independent Police Investigative Directorate
Peace support
Maritime safety and security
Department of Military Veterans
Armaments Corporation of SA
Intelligence services












Cover page of Police and Defence chapter in Official Guide to South Africa 2018-2019The Division of Police is answerable for law-enforcement providers, coverage willpower, path and total execution of the division’s mandate in relation to related laws.

The Minister of Police is answerable for figuring out nationwide policing coverage (Part 206 of the Structure of the Republic of South Africa of 1996 and the general execution of the division’s mandate, in relation to the important thing items of laws:

The Nationwide Police Commissioner solutions on to the Minister of Police. Entities reporting to the Minister of Police are the:

  • Civilian Secretariat for Police
  • Unbiased Police Investigative Directorate (IPID)
  • South African Police Service (SAPS)
  • Personal Safety Trade Regulatory Authority

South African Police Service

The SAPS is South Africa’s principal law-enforcement physique and its imaginative and prescient of the SAPS is to create a protected and safe surroundings for all folks in South Africa. The mission of the SAPS is to: stop and fight crime that will threaten the security and safety of any group; examine any crimes threatening the security and safety of any group; make sure that offenders are dropped at justice; and take part in efforts to handle the causes of crime.

The Nationwide Commissioner is the Accounting Officer of the SAPS. Deputy Nationwide Commissioners (underneath whom the divisions and elements of the SAPS fall) and provincial commissioners (underneath whom the cluster and station commanders fall) report back to the Nationwide Commissioner.

The SAPS’s policing targets, in accordance with the provisions of Part 205 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa of 1996, are to:

  • stop, fight and examine crime;
  • keep public order;
  • defend and safe the inhabitants of South Africa and their property; and
  • uphold and implement the legislation.

The imaginative and prescient of the SAPS is to create a protected and safe surroundings for all folks in South Africa.

The mission of the SAPS is to:

  • stop and fight something that will threaten the security and safety of any group;
  • examine any crimes that threaten the security and safety of any group;
  • guarantee offenders are dropped at justice; and
  • take part in efforts to handle the basis causes of crime.

The National Development Plan (NDP) envisages a South African society which is protected at residence, at college and at work and having fun with a life which is freed from concern.

That is additionally according to Final result 3 (All folks in South Africa are and really feel protected) of presidency’s 2014-2019 Medium Time period Strategic Framework (MTSF).

The NDP units 5 priorities for the achievement of the above imaginative and prescient:

  • Strengthen the legal justice system;
  • Make the police service skilled;
  • Demilitarise the police;
  • Construct security utilizing an built-in strategy; and
  • Construct group participation in security.

Chapter 12 of the Nationwide Improvement Plan outlines a imaginative and prescient to construct safer communities by way of demilitarising and professionalising the police service, and adopting an built-in and holistic strategy to security and safety in South Africa.

This imaginative and prescient is given expression by Precedence 5 (social cohesion and protected communities) of presidency’s 2019‐2024 Medium‐ Time period Strategic Framework (MTSF), with which the work of the Division of Police is aligned.

The division was anticipated to deal with strengthening security in communities by way of group policing boards (CPFs); lowering violent crime, particularly these dedicated towards ladies and kids; using the stabilisation and normalisation approaches to preventing crime; and enhancing capability for specialised investigations.

Strengthening security in communities

The Secure Cities Framework, which was anticipated to be finalised in 2020/21, supplies an overarching technique for adopting a collaborative strategy to strengthening security and safety in South Africa. The division has recognised that functioning CPFs are central to the profitable implementation of the framework. It’s because these boards present a crucial interface between the police on the native stage and the communities they serve.

Decreasing violent crime, particularly towards ladies and kids

Authorities’s 2019‐2024 MTSF units out targets in direction of a 50% discount within the variety of violent crimes reported in South Africa within the subsequent 10 years. These targets relate to lowering violence towards ladies and kids, amongst different issues.

Accordingly, targets set out in authorities’s 2019‐ 2024 MTSF mirror reductions of 6.7% per yr over the following 10 years in reported contact crimes and crimes towards ladies and kids. Successfully combating these crimes requires adopting an built-in strategy that entails all sectors of society, together with key enterprise industries, supported by an efficient legal justice system that delivers high quality {and professional} providers.

Using the stabilisation and normalisation approaches to preventing crime

Crime manifests in numerous kinds and is basically influenced by geography, which necessitates two distinct but interrelated tactical policing approaches: the stabilisation strategy, which is instant in nature and focuses on the removing of instant threats in recognized excessive‐ crime areas and hotspots; and the normalisation strategy, which is gradual in nature and addresses the basis causes of crime inside predetermined timeframes.

The stabilisation strategy is supported by particular nationwide crime prevention operations corresponding to Operation Fiela Reclaim II, whereas the normalisation strategy entails the implementation of ongoing policing and law-enforcement methods. Over the medium time period, the division will deal with adopting the stabilising and normalising approaches within the 30 police stations throughout South Africa with the best crime charges, or these which can be recognized as hotspots. To facilitate their transition from stabilisation to normalisation over the medium time period, the division will make sure that centered crime prevention interventions are carried out in these police stations.

Bettering capability for specialised investigations

The Directorate for Precedence Crime Investigation (DPCI) was anticipated to nominate investigators over the medium time period to take care of the rise in circumstances involving critical corruption and industrial crime over the previous few years, and the fixed risk to security and safety posed by crimes towards the state.


The SAPS institution stood at 187 358 on the finish of March 2020 and didn’t obtain its goal to take care of a minimal workforce of 98%. This was resulting from 786 workers who went on early retirement with out penalties, as a part of the supply from authorities to scale back the Public Service wage invoice.

Crime in South Africa

Burglary or housebreaking has persistently been the most typical crime skilled by households in South Africa. The variety of households that skilled this crime within the 5 years previous the survey has elevated from 2,1 million in 2015/16 to 2,3 million in 2019/20.

With an estimated 1,2 million incidences of burglary in 2019/20, and affecting 891 000 households in South Africa, this represented 5,3% of all households within the nation. In 2019/20, the SAPS recognized 30 police stations in Gauteng, Western Cape, KwaZuluNatal, Mpumalanga and the Free State, known as the ‘excessive crime weight stations’, for centered consideration over the brief and medium-term.

Particular proactive and reactive interventions might be carried out at these police stations, and they’d be reviewed yearly to watch the applying of those interventions, which embody the prevention and investigation of crime.

GBV and consciousness

Within the 2019/20 monetary years, crimes towards ladies decreased by 4,8% (8 668) reported crimes, from 179 683 to 171 015 and crimes towards kids decreased, by 6,4% (2 881) reported crimes, from 45 229 to 42 348 or 6,4%, in comparison with 2018/2019.

Faculty Security Programme

The implementation of the Faculty Security Programme is guided by the Faculty Security Protocol, which was entered into by the SAPS and the Division of Primary Schooling in 2011.

To understand the targets of the protocol, the SAPS is to hyperlink faculties to native police stations and to lift consciousness amongst kids and younger learners concerning crime and violence, in addition to its affect on people, households and schooling.

Faculties are recognized on the idea of crime prevalence or threats of crime and violence. Provinces determine faculties to handle actions regarding particular crimes and/or challenges, specializing in bullying, sexual offences, substance abuse, vandalism, housebreaking, harmful weapons and gangsterism, amongst different threats.

Forensic Science Companies and Felony Report Centre

The Forensic Science Laboratory renders a assist service to investigating officers by analysing bodily proof collected from numerous crime scenes.

The accuracy and reliability of data supplied by the SAPS’s Forensic Service is essential to the success of crime investigations and prosecution.

The perform of the Felony Report Centre is to determine and ensure any earlier convictions of suspects in crimes being investigated by the SAPS.

The Felony Report and Crime Scene Administration arm expanded its frontline service supply capability to make it extra accessible to native investigating officers and to enhance response instances in attending to crime scenes.

Drug eradication

The SAPS helps the framework set out by the Nationwide Drug Grasp Plan, and continues to provide enter and report on the Nationwide Drug Authority Annual Plan on Group Schooling.

That is to scale back substance abuse and lift consciousness on easy methods to take care of issues associated to substance abuse, police actions to scale back the provision of liquor which is bought illegally and illicit medicine, and to make sure efficient enforcement of drug and liquor laws, to handle critical, violent and phone crime, which is related to substance abuse. Within the struggle to have a drug-free society, the South African Narcotics Enforcement Bureau Unit continues to dismantle clandestine drug laboratories and arrest suspects.

An built-in intelligence-led working mannequin is used to determine and prioritise organised legal teams which can be specialising within the illicit manufacturing of medicine. 

Car crime

There have been an estimated 88 000 incidences of theft of motor automobiles in 2019/20, affecting 0,5% of South African households.

About 79% of households that skilled theft of motor automobiles reported the crime to the police, which is a 7,6% lower in comparison with the earlier yr.

Incidences peaked in January, April, September, and November. By way of provinces, Gauteng (45 000) recorded the best variety of households that skilled automobile theft, adopted by Western Cape (11 000) and Jap Cape (8 000). Limpopo and Northern Cape (each at 1 000) had the least variety of households that skilled automobile theft. An estimated 99 000 hijackings occurred in 2019/20, affecting 85 000 (or 0,2%) individuals aged 16 years and older.

A complete of 78% of the victims reported the crime to the police, which is a 7% lower in comparison with the earlier yr.

Firearms management

The Central Firearms Register is remitted to manage firearm functions, in accordance with the prescripts of the Firearm Management Act of 2000.

Its main goal is to stop the proliferation of illegally possessed firearms, offering for the removing of these firearms from society, enhancing management over legally possessed firearms and selling accountable firearm possession in South Africa.

The circulation of misplaced, stolen and located firearms performs a necessary function within the investigation of firearm-related crime, within the environment friendly management of firearms and finally, within the discount of the proliferation of firearms. Firearms with out serial numbers are issued with Firearm Identification Numbers and earmarked for destruction.

The SAPS points firearm licences, competency certificates, permits and authorisations to people and companies, by way of the provisions and topic to compliance with the stipulations of firearm management laws, after complete evaluation of the content material of functions and supporting documentation. The proliferation of unlawful firearms stays a significant contributor to crime ranges within the nation.

Through the firearms amnesty from 1 December 2019 to finish of Could 2020, 44 033 firearms and 246 060 rounds of ammunition have been surrendered. Over 19 thousand new functions of expired licences have been acquired. On 30 July 2020, Parliament authorised the brand new amnesty interval from 1 August 2020 

Liqour management

The SAPS performs a pivotal function in imposing compliance to Nationwide and Provincial Liquor Laws.

The prevailing partnership between the Division of Commerce, Trade and Competitors, the Nationwide Liquor Authority and the SAPS, to handle enforcement of compliance to the Liquor Act of 2003 was strengthened by way of the evaluate and signing of a Memorandum of Settlement to nominate SAPS members as liquor inspectors, thereby aiding within the enhanced enforcement of compliance to the Act.

Unlawful playing

A Stakeholder Precedence Committee to handle unlawful playing was established, on 17 April 2018 to reinforce collaboration between the nationwide and provincial playing authorities/ boards, the SAPS, the Nationwide Prosecuting Authority (NPA) and different stakeholders involved, to handle challenges within the playing surroundings.

The committee contains numerous specialised models throughout the SAPS and key exterior stakeholders, such because the Nationwide Playing Board (NGB), the NPA and the Monetary Intelligence Centre to provoke, coordinate and make suggestions on all actions required by the NGB, SAPS, NPA and different stakeholders (Authorities and different entities concerned), to reinforce collaboration to successfully deal with the detection, investigation and the prosecution of unlawful playing circumstances.

Second-hand items providers

The variety of registered second-hand items sellers varies yearly, because of the registration of latest and the closure of present registered sellers.

On the finish of March 2019, a complete of 20 490 registered second-hand items sellers have been recorded, in comparison with 18 017, in 2017/18. Most registered sellers are in Gauteng (3 756), Western Cape (4 988), KwaZulu-Natal (2 721) and North West (1 565). A 6,8% lower was famous in non-ferrous metal-related crimes, in comparison with 2017/18, which may very well be attributed to joint initiatives carried out by all business stakeholders concerned within the NFMCCC.

An initiative was carried out in all provinces, in cooperation with Enterprise Towards Crime, South Africa and the Microdot Trade in South Africa, to reinforce the talents and information of members to determine potential stolen automobiles when conducting compliance inspections at registered second-hand car sellers.

Emergency Response Companies

The 30 Flying Squad models countrywide are getting used as power multipliers in assist of police stations and different models. The function back-up for all of the police stations in its service space if the police station wants help throughout life threatening circumstances.

The Flying Squad has been mandated to make sure a speedy response to precedence or critical and violent crimes in progress, which require instant response, in addition to police help throughout much less critical crimes/complaints, if no different response car is accessible.

Hostage negotiators have been concerned in hostage and associated disaster incidents, together with nationwide and worldwide negotiations, corresponding to hostage, barricade and kidnapping incidents, in addition to coping with suicidal or mentally disturbed individuals.

The SAPS has six established Accident Combating models and 7 Accident Response groups countrywide. Members of the assorted models and groups reply and examine culpable murder and high-profile street crashes, together with state car crashes, in assist of police stations.

These models and groups additionally conduct reconstruction of street crash scenes and mechanically examine automobiles concerned in excessive profile crashes when the necessity arises.

The K9 models additionally carry out duties at ports of entry/exit. The SAPS Veterinary Companies, because the custodian of animal welfare within the SAPS, has a mandate to teach all K9 handlers and mounted riders on primary animal dealing with and well being programs, to make sure understanding of the fundamental however important welfare wants of animals they work with each day.

Police response time

The SAPS’s response time to complaints stays an essential issue within the providers which can be rendered by police stations. The response time is outlined because the time it takes to answer a criticism.

Response instances are primarily based on the severity of the crime and are categorized in response to the Alpha, Bravo and Charlie System. Alpha complaints are crimes in progress, which require instant police response or motion.

Bravo complaints are crimes which have already taken place, with no instant risk to the complainant or property, corresponding to a report of a burglary that has already occurred. Charlie complaints are crimes of a much less critical nature corresponding to loitering and trespassing.

Revervist system

The reservist system supplies for the energetic involvement of the group in policing to assist a community-oriented policing strategy.

The reservist system and the main focus of the SAPS on high quality reservists and never amount, has restricted the variety of functions with fewer candidates assembly the necessities

Partnership policing

Partnership policing is carried out to make sure a collaborative relationship between the SAPS and exterior stakeholders, together with group organisations, enterprise, the personal sector, non-governmental organisations and civil society.

It’s meant to encourage native communities to actively work with the SAPS to develop frequent approaches and targets to struggle crime. 

Rural security

The SAPS prioritises the security of the agricultural and farming communities, and continues to implement the great Rural Security Technique, in accordance with Chapter 12 of the NDP, which emphasises the necessity for all communities to be protected.

The present Rural Security Technique was totally carried out at 880 rural and rural/city blended police stations, according to the set standards of the 4 pillars of the Rural Security Technique.

Operational Response Companies

The duty to answer and stabilise medium to high-risk incidents, to make sure that regular policing continues, falls underneath the broader tactical surroundings of the Nationwide Intervention models (NIU), the Particular Process Pressure (STF) models, the POP models and Cellular Operations underneath the Operational Response Service Division.

Specialised interventions

The policing and stabilising of public dysfunction and the duty to answer medium to high-risk incidents, in addition to to make sure that regular policing continues, falls underneath the POP models and the broader tactical surroundings of the NIU, the STF models, Tactical Response groups and Cellular Operations.

Nationwide Operational Coordination is answerable for creating, implementing and monitoring an built-in all of presidency and police particular operations, to handle SAPS and Justice, Crime Prevention and Safety priorities and managing main occasions. The 2 Cellular Operations models are answerable for the safeguarding of invaluable and/or harmful authorities cargo.

SAPS Air Wing

The SAPS Air Wing supplies air assist for crime-related issues to police stations, different models and specialised forces. Name-outs embody airborne help, in respect of armed robberies, home robberies, hijacking, car theft, inventory theft, recreation theft, critical and violent crime investigations, unrest-related incidents and crowd management, operational assist to different models, in addition to search and rescue incidents.

Airport safety

In responding to follow-home robberies, and different associated crimes towards worldwide and home travellers, in addition to airport customers, invaluable cargo and corruption, in and across the Oliver Tambo Worldwide Airport (ORTIA), a Nationwide Key Level, an Built-in Multidisciplinary Tactical Safety Plan was developed on the ORTIA.

A multidisciplinary investigation staff was fashioned to work intently with different authorities departments and safety firms to take care of the dangers and threats concerned when travellers arrive or depart from the airport.

Because the implementation of the plan, crime at ORTIA was decreased. The plan was rolled out to different recognized ports, together with the Cape City and King Shaka Worldwide Airports, Durban and Cape City Harbours, in addition to Beit Bridge and Lebombo Ports of Entry, throughout 2018/19.

The Aviation Policing Studying Programme goals to equip SAPS all members within the civil-aviation surroundings with the required abilities, information and functionality to safe, defend and safeguard passengers, crew, floor personnel, most of the people and the airport infrastructure

Detective Service

The Detective Service Programme contains the Crime Investigations, Specialised Investigations, Felony Report Centre and Forensic Service Laboratory Subprogrammes, that are managed by the Detective Service and Forensic Companies Divisions, in addition to the DPCI.

The Detective Service Division is answerable for managing the actions of the Detective Service, in accordance with the mission and priorities of the SAPS and to actively implement and train efficient management over these actions.

The aim of the Division is to allow the investigative work of the SAPS, together with offering assist to investigators, by way of forensic proof and legal data. The target of the Division is the profitable prosecution of offenders by investigating, gathering and analysing proof.

Crime detection

The detection of crime is the method that the SAPS undertakes, which extends from the time that the SAPS turns into conscious of a criminal offense and the place a case docket is subsequently opened for investigation, till the time {that a} suspect has been arrested and charged or the case docket has been closed off as unfounded or as withdrawn earlier than court docket.

This course of contains using recognised investigative aids and the providers of different divisions throughout the SAPS. 

Bureau for Lacking Individuals

When an individual goes lacking, it’s of the utmost significance for the SAPS to fulfil its mandate to serve and defend the residents of South Africa.

There isn’t a ready interval to report a lacking particular person.

  • Report a lacking particular person at your nearest police station instantly. Produce a latest {photograph} of the lacking particular person, if potential.
  • Give a whole description of the lacking particular person’s final whereabouts, garments that they have been sporting, in addition to any data that may help the investigating officer.
  • Full and signal a SAPS 55(A) kind. This type safeguards the SAPS from hoax studies and indemnifies the SAPS to distribute the {photograph} and data of the lacking particular person.
  • Receive the investigating officer’s contact particulars, and ship any further data which may change into obtainable.

If a lacking particular person is discovered or returns voluntarily, inform the investigating officer instantly. A SAPS 92 kind should be accomplished to tell the Bureau of Lacking Individuals that the lacking particular person’s report may be faraway from the circulation system.

Crime Cease

Crime Cease supplies ongoing assist within the investigation, fixing and prevention of crime. On receipt of tip-offs, by way of a toll-free quantity (08600 10111), SMS or digital media, it’s transmitted to the related police station for the required consideration.

Household Violence, Kids Safety and Sexual Offence

The FCS Investigation Service contains FCS Investigations and Serial and Digital FCS investigations. This part emanates from the FCS mandate to make sure the efficient and environment friendly investigation of crime that emerges from recognized serial FCS offenders and digital crimes (youngster pornography).

The Forensic Social Work Companies Part is answerable for rendering forensic social work assist to those investigations.

It’s a specialised investigation unit which was established to make sure effectiveness and effectivity in combating crimes towards ladies and kids, via each proactive and reactive methods.

The forensic social employee acts as a impartial impartial fact-finder, who checks a number of hypotheses, by way of strategies which can be legally defensible in court docket.

Crimes towards ladies and kids

Violence towards ladies and kids takes many kinds, together with bodily, sexual, financial and psychosocial, however all of those characterize a violation of human dignity and human rights and have lasting penalties for girls and kids, in addition to their communities.

The discount of significant crime stays an important problem for the SAPS. Unacceptably excessive ranges of crime in South Africa, particularly critical and violent crime, lead to folks of South Africa dwelling in concern and feeling unsafe, notably weak teams corresponding to ladies and kids.

Subsequently, addressing crimes towards ladies and kids continues to be a precedence for the SAPS.

Specialised Investigations

The DPCI was established as an impartial directorate throughout the SAPS, by way of Part 17C of the SAPS Act of 1995, as amended by the SAPS Act of 2008. The DPCI mandate is to stop, fight and examine nationwide precedence offences, specifically critical organised crime, critical industrial crime, critical corruption and cybercrime.

Critical industrial crime

Critical industrial crime refers to critical fraud, forgery and uttering, theft (such because the theft of belief funds), industrial crime, that’s of such extent or complexity that it requires the providers of a chartered accountant or different specialists or consultants, throughout investigation and contraventions of sure statutes regarding industrial crime, together with statutes regarding, amongst others, firms, trusts and shut companies, lengthy and short-term insurance coverage, the counterfeiting of foreign money, the counterfeiting and illicit commerce in counterfeit merchandise and items, mental property rights, banks and the banking business, change management, property brokers, critical corruption and cyber-related crime. 

Critical organised crime

Critical Organised Crime models examine declared precedence crimes by way of Critical Organised Crime Challenge Investigations (OCPI).

These crimes, embody narcotics, theft of non-ferrous metals, theft of copper cables, dealing in abalone, cash laundering, fraud, gang-related homicide, wildlife trafficking, unlawful commerce in tobacco merchandise, corruption, forgery, automobile and truck hijacking, dealing in stolen property, cultivation of hydrophobic hashish and unlawful drug manufacturing, as regulated by the Prevention and Combating of Corrupt Actions Act of 2004 and the Prevention of Organised Crime Act of 1998

Critical corruption

Critical corruption, contains the misuse of a public or personal workplace or place or assets with a corrupt intent and should embody an act of bribery, nepotism, extortion, fraud and theft. This contains however shouldn’t be restricted to, offences underneath the Prevention and Combating of Corrupt Actions Act of 2004.

The DPCI Critical Corruption Investigation Unit has achieved main successes in arresting officers concerned in procurement fraud and corruption-related circumstances.


Cybercrime investigation throughout the SAPS is evolving into a particular investigative self-discipline. The event of investigative disciplines throughout the SAPS, corresponding to digital forensic investigation, on-line investigation, unauthorised entry and intrusion investigation and open supply social media investigation, are entrenched in investigative methodologies aligned to worldwide benchmarking requirements.

The Cybercrime Technique and Implementation Framework are anticipated to supply an built-in framework for the SAPS to handle cybercrime.

Forensic Science Laboratory

The SAPS stays dedicated in direction of the realisation of processing the completely different classes of displays/entries (routine case displays/entries, non-routine case displays/entries, precedence case displays/entries and intelligence case displays/ entries).

The backlog of circumstances displays/entries not but finalised, stays at very low ranges and likewise under the worldwide acceptable norm of 10% of circumstances available.

The laws requires that authorised individuals (skilled detectives) might take DNA buccal samples from sure classes of individuals.

The implementation of laws such because the DNA and Fingerprint Acts, is proving to be a catalyst in linking unidentified perpetrators to legal offences, the place forensic bodily materials is left on the crime scene.

Investigative Psychology continues to play a crucial function within the linking of suspects to serial circumstances and making certain associated arrests, sentencing and convictions. DNA proof and, specifically, the Nationwide Forensic DNA Database is proving to be one of the crucial efficient investigative strategies of figuring out and convicting serial rapists. 

Crime Intelligence

The Crime Intelligence Programme contains the Intelligence Operations and the Intelligence and Info Administration subprogrammes, managed by the Crime Intelligence Division.

This division is answerable for the gathering, collation, analysis, evaluation and coordination of intelligence. Legislative prescriptions require the SAPS to restrict its intelligence actions to crime, legal actions and securityrelated issues.

The core perform of Crime Intelligence is to supply intelligence to operational divisions for the use within the prevention of crime or to conduct legal investigations and to organize proof for the aim of legislation enforcement and the prosecution of offenders.

Crime Intelligence is a key enabler in assist of each proactive and reactive policing. The Division additionally supplied intelligence-related providers corresponding to way of life audits, safety screening and vetting to the SAPS.

Intelligence and Info Administration

Proactive intelligence merchandise embody risk and threat evaluation and early warning studies. The aim of a risk and threat evaluation is to supply intelligence/ data to operational models for the aim of stopping the perpetration of sure legal acts.

It is usually used to find out the power and assets required for deployment to handle recognized crime threats/ dangers successfully.

Crime Intelligence generates early warning studies  containing proactive data of an imminent risk, that’s both being deliberate or is already rising and requires policing intervention.

Reactive intelligence merchandise embody profiles and intelligence evaluation studies, corresponding to communication evaluation studies and affiliation/community evaluation studies

Safety and Safety Service (PSS)

The PSS Programme contains the VIP Safety Companies, the Static and Cellular Safety and the Authorities Safety Regulator subprogrammes, managed by the PSS Division and the Presidential Safety Service (PPS) part.

The PPS division is a nationwide competency with 9 provincial places of work situated all through South Africa. The division supplies in-transit and static safety to all recognized VIPs, together with the Speaker/Deputy Speaker of the Nationwide Meeting, Ministers/Deputy Ministers, premiers, members of the Govt Council, the Chief Justice, choose presidents and advert hoc VIPs, by way of the Danger Info Administration Help System Coverage and Nationwide Key Factors and recognized strategic installations (nationwide and provincial authorities departments).

The division additionally supplies safety to recognized international dignitaries, who’re visiting South Africa. Static safety, embody the provisioning of safety to the ten parliaments (the Nationwide Meeting and 9 provincial legislatures). 

Presidential Safety Companies

The PPS part is a nationwide competency with provincial places of work, that are situated in Gauteng, the Western Cape, KwaZulu-Natal and the Jap Cape.

The part supplies in-transit and static safety to the President, the Deputy President, former presidents, former deputy presidents, their spouses, recognized VIPs, together with international heads of state/authorities, former heads of state/authorities and their spouses and at recognized authorities installations.

The in-transit safety perform is carried out in Gauteng, the Western Cape and KwaZulu-Natal. In-transit and static safety are supported by K9, Bomb Disposal, Technical Help, Bodily Safety Compliance and Excessive-Danger Operations personnel

Seen policing

The Seen Policing Programme contains the Crime Prevention, Border Safety and Specialised Interventions subprogrammes, that are managed by the Seen Policing and the Operational Response Companies divisions.

The Seen Policing Division supplies path on the efficient combating of crime, by way of the provisioning of a visual policing service. The aim of the division is to discourage all crime, by offering a proactive and responsive policing service, striving in direction of the discount of crime ranges and to instil group confidence within the SAPS.

The division offers with the strategic, tactical and operational strategy in policing, to handle the incidence of crime with the goal to scale back and fight crime, enhance the SAPS’s response time, improve group mobilisation and partnerships, encourage victim-empowerment programmes, deal with the proliferation of firearms, deal with incidents of illegal possession and the dealing in medicine, in addition to the closure of markets for stolen items. 

Unbiased Police Investigative Directorate

The perform of IPID is to make sure impartial oversight of the SAPS and the municipal police providers (MPS), conduct impartial and neutral investigations of recognized legal offences allegedly dedicated by members of the SAPS and MPS, and make applicable suggestions.

The IPID Act of 2011 grants the IPID an prolonged mandate and modifications the main focus of the its work from a complaintsdriven organisation to at least one that prioritises the investigative perform.

The Act additional locations stringent obligations on the SAPS and MPS to report issues that should be investigated by the directorate and make sure the implementation of the disciplinary suggestions of the directorate.

Excessive-impact circumstances embody, however will not be restricted to, corruption, systemic corruption, dying whereas in police custody, dying because of police motion, rape by a police officer whether or not on or off responsibility, and rape whereas in police custody.

The directorate additionally investigates the incidence of different legal offences by the police corresponding to assault, torture and discharge of an official firearm


The Department of Defence (DoD) derives its mandate from Part 200 of the Structure of the Republic of South Africa of 1996; the Defence Act of 2002, as amended by the Defence Modification Act of 2010; the 1996 White Paper on Defence; and the 2015 South African Defence Evaluation.

The division is required to supply, handle, put together and make use of defence capabilities which can be commensurate with the wants of South Africa.

The NDP requires an built-in, holistic strategy to security and safety that tackles the basis causes of crime and ensures South Africa’s lengthy‐time period stability, in addition to peace and stability in Africa.

This imaginative and prescient is supported by Precedence 5 (social cohesion and protected communities) and Precedence 7 (a greater Africa and world) of presidency’s 2019‐2024 MTSF.

In its efforts to provide expression to those key insurance policies over the medium time period, the DoD will deal with making a sustainable defence power, enhancing border safeguarding and territorial integrity, taking part in peace assist operations in Africa, and taking part in inside operations by way of collaboration with different departments.

Making a sustainable defence power

The division goals to answer the constrained fiscal surroundings by specializing in measures to create a defence power that’s extra environment friendly, sustainable and succesful. These measures embody utilizing inside personnel for primary upkeep and repairs; introducing measures to reinforce income, such because the leasing and promoting of defence belongings; and maximising reimbursements from the United Nations as a part of South Africa’s peace assist operations within the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

Enhancing border safeguarding and territorial integrity

Securing South Africa’s borders stays a key precedence for the South African Nationwide Defence Pressure (SANDF). Over the medium time period, the division was anticipated to take care of its deployment of 15 landward subunits to patrol a focused 4 471 kilometres of South Africa’s land borders. It was additionally anticipated to amass navy tools and know-how to make sure the integrity of the nation’s borders and improve the capability of landward subunits.

Collaborating in peace assist operations in Africa

Over the medium time period, the division will proceed to take part in peace assist operations within the DRC underneath the auspices of the United Nations stabilisation mission. On this deployment, the SANDF participates within the Pressure Intervention Brigade and deploys an infantry battalion supported by a composite helicopter unit, a tactical intelligence unit and navy observers.

Peace assist

Peacekeeping missions are a crucial component to answer battle, stop battle and deter potential aggressors.

The division additionally contributes to home security and safety by conducting inside operations corresponding to border safeguarding and operations in assist of different authorities departments.

Maritime security and safety

The South African Navy continues to organize naval forces for operations in assist of the maritime safety technique.

These operations contain ongoing maritime border patrols alongside the Mozambican channel to fight piracy.

A brand new hydrographic survey vessel might be used to conduct hydrographic analysis to supply nautical charts, and guarantee protected navigation for navy and civilian transport.

The vessel additionally kinds a part of Operation Phakisa, an initiative to unlock the financial potential of South Africa’s oceans. 

Division of Army Veterans (DMV)

The DMV derives its mandate from the Army Veterans Act of 2011, which requires the division to supply nationwide coverage and requirements on socio-economic assist to navy veterans and to their dependants, together with advantages and entitlement to assist realise a dignified, unified, empowered and self-sufficient group of navy veterans.

The division continues to ship key advantages corresponding to housing, schooling, coaching and abilities improvement, and entry to healthcare to navy veterans and their dependants.

Armaments Company of South Africa (Armscor)

The mission of Armscor is to fulfill the acquisition, upkeep and disposal wants of the DoD and different shoppers by way of defence matériel, and associated services.

The company maintains strategic capabilities and applied sciences, and promotes the native defence associated business, making certain that the SANDF receives high quality tools to hold out its mandate.

To keep up competitiveness, the company goals to amass capital belongings corresponding to armoured automobiles and helicopters in an economically viable method.


Denel, a state-owned firm, is the biggest producer of defence tools in South Africa and operates within the navy aerospace and landward defence surroundings.

It is a crucial defence contractor in its home market and a key provider to the SANDF, each as authentic tools producer and for the overhaul, upkeep, restore, refurbishment and improve of kit within the SANDF’s arsenal.

Intelligence providers

The State Security Agency’s (SSA) mandate is to supply authorities with intelligence on home, international or potential threats to nationwide stability, the constitutional order, and the security and well-being of its folks. This permits authorities to implement and enhance insurance policies to take care of potential threats and to higher perceive present threats.

The SSA contains:

  • the Home Department (previously the Nationwide Intelligence Company)
  • the International Department (previously the South African Secret Service)
  • the Intelligence Academy (previously the South African Nationwide Academy of Intelligence)
  • Nationwide Communications, which incorporates the previous Nationwide Communications Centre, Workplace for Interception Centres and Digital Communications Safety (Pty) Ltd.

The SSA focuses on issues of nationwide curiosity, together with terrorism, sabotage, subversion, espionage and organised crime.  It additionally conducts vetting for all authorities departments according to its counter-intelligence mandate to make sure safe circumstances to allow departments and key state entities to do their work. 

Supply: Official Guide to South Africa

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