Police and defence | South African Authorities

SA Police Service
Resources
Crime in SA
School Safety Programme
Forensic Science Services and Criminal Record Centre
Drug eradication
Vehicle crime
Firearms control
Liqour control
Illegal gambling
Second-hand goods services
Emergency Response Services
Revervist system
Partnership policing
Rural safety
Operational Response Services
Specialised interventions
Air Wing
Airport security
Detective Service
Crime detection
Bureau for Missing Persons
Crime Stop
Family Violence, Child Protection and Sexual Offences
Specialised Investigations
Forensic Science Laboratory
Crime Intelligence
Protection and Security Services
Presidential Protection Services
Visible policing
Independent Police Investigative Directorate
Defence
Peace support
Maritime safety and security
Department of Military Veterans
Armaments Corporation of SA
Denel
Intelligence services

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cover page of Police and Defence chapter in Official Guide to South Africa 2018-2019The Division of Police is liable for law-enforcement companies, coverage willpower, course and total execution of the division’s mandate in relation to related laws.

The Minister of Police is liable for figuring out nationwide policing coverage (Part 206 of the Structure of the Republic of South Africa of 1996 and the general execution of the division’s mandate, in relation to the important thing items of laws:

The Nationwide Police Commissioner solutions on to the Minister of Police. Entities reporting to the Minister of Police are the:

  • Civilian Secretariat for Police
  • Unbiased Police Investigative Directorate (IPID)
  • South African Police Service (SAPS)
  • Non-public Safety Business Regulatory Authority
     

South African Police Service

The SAPS is South Africa’s principal law-enforcement physique and its imaginative and prescient of the SAPS is to create a protected and safe atmosphere for all individuals in South Africa. The mission of the SAPS is to: forestall and fight crime which will threaten the security and safety of any neighborhood; examine any crimes threatening the security and safety of any neighborhood; be certain that offenders are delivered to justice; and take part in efforts to handle the causes of crime.

The Nationwide Commissioner is the Accounting Officer of the SAPS. Deputy Nationwide Commissioners (beneath whom the divisions and parts of the SAPS fall) and provincial commissioners (beneath whom the cluster and station commanders fall) report back to the Nationwide Commissioner.

The SAPS’s policing targets, in accordance with the provisions of Part 205 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa of 1996, are to:

  • forestall, fight and examine crime;
  • preserve public order;
  • shield and safe the inhabitants of South Africa and their property; and
  • uphold and implement the regulation.

The imaginative and prescient of the SAPS is to create a protected and safe atmosphere for all individuals in South Africa.

The mission of the SAPS is to:

  • forestall and fight something which will threaten the security and safety of any neighborhood;
  • examine any crimes that threaten the security and safety of any neighborhood;
  • guarantee offenders are delivered to justice; and
  • take part in efforts to handle the basis causes of crime.

The National Development Plan (NDP) envisages a South African society which is protected at dwelling, in school and at work and having fun with a life which is freed from worry.

That is additionally according to Consequence 3 (All individuals in South Africa are and really feel protected) of presidency’s 2014-2019 Medium Time period Strategic Framework (MTSF).

The NDP units 5 priorities for the achievement of the above imaginative and prescient:

  • Strengthen the felony justice system;
  • Make the police service skilled;
  • Demilitarise the police;
  • Construct security utilizing an built-in method; and
  • Construct neighborhood participation in security.

Chapter 12 of the Nationwide Growth Plan outlines a imaginative and prescient to construct safer communities via demilitarising and professionalising the police service, and adopting an built-in and holistic method to security and safety in South Africa.

This imaginative and prescient is given expression by Precedence 5 (social cohesion and protected communities) of presidency’s 2019‐2024 Medium‐ Time period Strategic Framework (MTSF), with which the work of the Division of Police is aligned.

The division was anticipated to concentrate on strengthening security in communities via neighborhood policing boards (CPFs); decreasing violent crime, particularly these dedicated in opposition to girls and kids; using the stabilisation and normalisation approaches to preventing crime; and enhancing capability for specialised investigations.

Strengthening security in communities

The Protected Cities Framework, which was anticipated to be finalised in 2020/21, supplies an overarching technique for adopting a collaborative method to strengthening security and safety in South Africa. The division has recognised that functioning CPFs are central to the profitable implementation of the framework. It is because these boards present a crucial interface between the police on the native stage and the communities they serve.

Decreasing violent crime, particularly in opposition to girls and kids

Authorities’s 2019‐2024 MTSF units out targets in direction of a 50% discount within the variety of violent crimes reported in South Africa within the subsequent 10 years. These targets relate to decreasing violence in opposition to girls and kids, amongst different issues.

Accordingly, targets set out in authorities’s 2019‐ 2024 MTSF mirror reductions of 6.7% per yr over the following 10 years in reported contact crimes and crimes in opposition to girls and kids. Successfully combating these crimes requires adopting an built-in method that includes all sectors of society, together with key enterprise industries, supported by an efficient felony justice system that delivers high quality {and professional} companies.

Using the stabilisation and normalisation approaches to preventing crime

Crime manifests in numerous types and is basically influenced by geography, which necessitates two distinct but interrelated tactical policing approaches: the stabilisation method, which is quick in nature and focuses on the elimination of quick threats in recognized excessive‐ crime areas and hotspots; and the normalisation method, which is gradual in nature and addresses the basis causes of crime inside predetermined timeframes.

The stabilisation method is supported by particular nationwide crime prevention operations corresponding to Operation Fiela Reclaim II, whereas the normalisation method entails the implementation of ongoing policing and law-enforcement methods. Over the medium time period, the division will concentrate on adopting the stabilising and normalising approaches within the 30 police stations throughout South Africa with the best crime charges, or these which are recognized as hotspots. To facilitate their transition from stabilisation to normalisation over the medium time period, the division will be certain that targeted crime prevention interventions are applied in these police stations.

Bettering capability for specialised investigations

The Directorate for Precedence Crime Investigation (DPCI) was anticipated to nominate investigators over the medium time period to take care of the rise in circumstances involving critical corruption and business crime over the previous few years, and the fixed risk to security and safety posed by crimes in opposition to the state.

Sources

The SAPS institution stood at 187 358 on the finish of March 2020 and didn’t obtain its goal to take care of a minimal workforce of 98%. This was attributable to 786 staff who went on early retirement with out penalties, as a part of the provide from authorities to scale back the Public Service wage invoice.

Crime in South Africa

Burglary or housebreaking has constantly been the commonest crime skilled by households in South Africa. The variety of households that skilled this crime within the 5 years previous the survey has elevated from 2,1 million in 2015/16 to 2,3 million in 2019/20.

With an estimated 1,2 million incidences of burglary in 2019/20, and affecting 891 000 households in South Africa, this represented 5,3% of all households within the nation. In 2019/20, the SAPS recognized 30 police stations in Gauteng, Western Cape, KwaZuluNatal, Mpumalanga and the Free State, known as the ‘excessive crime weight stations’, for targeted consideration over the quick and medium-term.

Particular proactive and reactive interventions will likely be applied at these police stations, and they’d be reviewed yearly to watch the applying of those interventions, which embody the prevention and investigation of crime.

GBV and consciousness

Within the 2019/20 monetary years, crimes in opposition to girls decreased by 4,8% (8 668) reported crimes, from 179 683 to 171 015 and crimes in opposition to youngsters decreased, by 6,4% (2 881) reported crimes, from 45 229 to 42 348 or 6,4%, in comparison with 2018/2019.

Faculty Security Programme

The implementation of the Faculty Security Programme is guided by the Faculty Security Protocol, which was entered into by the SAPS and the Division of Fundamental Training in 2011.

To understand the targets of the protocol, the SAPS is to hyperlink colleges to native police stations and to lift consciousness amongst youngsters and younger learners concerning crime and violence, in addition to its impression on people, households and training.

Colleges are recognized on the idea of crime prevalence or threats of crime and violence. Provinces establish colleges to handle actions regarding particular crimes and/or challenges, specializing in bullying, sexual offences, substance abuse, vandalism, housebreaking, harmful weapons and gangsterism, amongst different threats.

Forensic Science Companies and Felony File Centre

The Forensic Science Laboratory renders a help service to investigating officers by analysing bodily proof collected from numerous crime scenes.

The accuracy and reliability of knowledge offered by the SAPS’s Forensic Service is essential to the success of crime investigations and prosecution.

The operate of the Felony File Centre is to establish and ensure any earlier convictions of suspects in crimes being investigated by the SAPS.

The Felony File and Crime Scene Administration arm expanded its frontline service supply capability to make it extra accessible to native investigating officers and to enhance response occasions in attending to crime scenes.

Drug eradication

The SAPS helps the framework set out by the Nationwide Drug Grasp Plan, and continues to offer enter and report on the Nationwide Drug Authority Annual Plan on Group Training.

That is to scale back substance abuse and lift consciousness on take care of issues associated to substance abuse, police actions to scale back the provision of liquor which is bought illegally and illicit medication, and to make sure efficient enforcement of drug and liquor laws, to handle critical, violent and get in touch with crime, which is related to substance abuse. Within the struggle to have a drug-free society, the South African Narcotics Enforcement Bureau Unit continues to dismantle clandestine drug laboratories and arrest suspects.

An built-in intelligence-led working mannequin is used to establish and prioritise organised felony teams which are specialising within the illicit manufacturing of medication. 

Automobile crime

There have been an estimated 88 000 incidences of theft of motor autos in 2019/20, affecting 0,5% of South African households.

About 79% of households that skilled theft of motor autos reported the crime to the police, which is a 7,6% lower in comparison with the earlier yr.

Incidences peaked in January, April, September, and November. When it comes to provinces, Gauteng (45 000) recorded the best variety of households that skilled automobile theft, adopted by Western Cape (11 000) and Jap Cape (8 000). Limpopo and Northern Cape (each at 1 000) had the least variety of households that skilled automobile theft. An estimated 99 000 hijackings occurred in 2019/20, affecting 85 000 (or 0,2%) individuals aged 16 years and older.

A complete of 78% of the victims reported the crime to the police, which is a 7% lower in comparison with the earlier yr.

Firearms management

The Central Firearms Register is remitted to manage firearm functions, in accordance with the prescripts of the Firearm Management Act of 2000.

Its major goal is to stop the proliferation of illegally possessed firearms, offering for the elimination of these firearms from society, enhancing management over legally possessed firearms and selling accountable firearm possession in South Africa.

The circulation of misplaced, stolen and located firearms performs an important position within the investigation of firearm-related crime, within the environment friendly management of firearms and in the end, within the discount of the proliferation of firearms. Firearms with out serial numbers are issued with Firearm Identification Numbers and earmarked for destruction.

The SAPS points firearm licences, competency certificates, permits and authorisations to people and companies, by way of the provisions and topic to compliance with the conditions of firearm management laws, after complete evaluation of the content material of functions and supporting documentation. The proliferation of unlawful firearms stays a significant contributor to crime ranges within the nation.

Through the firearms amnesty from 1 December 2019 to finish of Might 2020, 44 033 firearms and 246 060 rounds of ammunition had been surrendered. Over 19 thousand new functions of expired licences had been acquired. On 30 July 2020, Parliament accredited the brand new amnesty interval from 1 August 2020 

Liqour management

The SAPS performs a pivotal position in implementing compliance to Nationwide and Provincial Liquor Laws.

The present partnership between the Division of Commerce, Business and Competitors, the Nationwide Liquor Authority and the SAPS, to handle enforcement of compliance to the Liquor Act of 2003 was strengthened via the evaluate and signing of a Memorandum of Settlement to nominate SAPS members as liquor inspectors, thereby aiding within the enhanced enforcement of compliance to the Act.

Unlawful playing

A Stakeholder Precedence Committee to handle unlawful playing was established, on 17 April 2018 to boost collaboration between the nationwide and provincial playing authorities/ boards, the SAPS, the Nationwide Prosecuting Authority (NPA) and different stakeholders involved, to handle challenges within the playing atmosphere.

The committee contains numerous specialised models inside the SAPS and key exterior stakeholders, such because the Nationwide Playing Board (NGB), the NPA and the Monetary Intelligence Centre to provoke, coordinate and make suggestions on all actions required by the NGB, SAPS, NPA and different stakeholders (Authorities and different entities concerned), to boost collaboration to successfully deal with the detection, investigation and the prosecution of unlawful playing circumstances.

Second-hand items companies

The variety of registered second-hand items sellers varies yearly, because of the registration of recent and the closure of present registered sellers.

On the finish of March 2019, a complete of 20 490 registered second-hand items sellers had been recorded, in comparison with 18 017, in 2017/18. Most registered sellers are in Gauteng (3 756), Western Cape (4 988), KwaZulu-Natal (2 721) and North West (1 565). A 6,8% lower was famous in non-ferrous metal-related crimes, in comparison with 2017/18, which may very well be attributed to joint initiatives applied by all business stakeholders concerned within the NFMCCC.

An initiative was applied in all provinces, in cooperation with Enterprise Towards Crime, South Africa and the Microdot Business in South Africa, to boost the talents and data of members to establish potential stolen autos when conducting compliance inspections at registered second-hand car sellers.

Emergency Response Companies

The 30 Flying Squad models countrywide are getting used as drive multipliers in help of police stations and different models. The function back-up for all of the police stations in its service space if the police station wants help throughout life threatening circumstances.

The Flying Squad has been mandated to make sure a fast response to precedence or critical and violent crimes in progress, which require quick response, in addition to police help throughout much less critical crimes/complaints, if no different response car is out there.

Hostage negotiators have been concerned in hostage and associated disaster incidents, together with nationwide and worldwide negotiations, corresponding to hostage, barricade and kidnapping incidents, in addition to coping with suicidal or mentally disturbed individuals.

The SAPS has six established Accident Combating models and 7 Accident Response groups countrywide. Members of the varied models and groups reply and examine culpable murder and high-profile highway crashes, together with state car crashes, in help of police stations.

These models and groups additionally conduct reconstruction of highway crash scenes and mechanically examine autos concerned in excessive profile crashes when the necessity arises.

The K9 models additionally carry out duties at ports of entry/exit. The SAPS Veterinary Companies, because the custodian of animal welfare within the SAPS, has a mandate to coach all K9 handlers and mounted riders on fundamental animal dealing with and well being programs, to make sure understanding of the essential however important welfare wants of animals they work with day by day.

Police response time

The SAPS’s response time to complaints stays an vital issue within the companies which are rendered by police stations. The response time is outlined because the time it takes to reply to a grievance.

Response occasions are primarily based on the severity of the crime and are categorised in response to the Alpha, Bravo and Charlie System. Alpha complaints are crimes in progress, which require quick police response or motion.

Bravo complaints are crimes which have already taken place, with no quick risk to the complainant or property, corresponding to a report of a burglary that has already occurred. Charlie complaints are crimes of a much less critical nature corresponding to loitering and trespassing.

Revervist system

The reservist system supplies for the energetic involvement of the neighborhood in policing to help a community-oriented policing method.

The reservist system and the main focus of the SAPS on high quality reservists and never amount, has restricted the variety of functions with fewer candidates assembly the necessities

Partnership policing

Partnership policing is applied to make sure a collaborative relationship between the SAPS and exterior stakeholders, together with neighborhood organisations, enterprise, the personal sector, non-governmental organisations and civil society.

It’s supposed to encourage native communities to actively work with the SAPS to develop widespread approaches and targets to struggle crime. 

Rural security

The SAPS prioritises the security of the agricultural and farming communities, and continues to implement the excellent Rural Security Technique, in accordance with Chapter 12 of the NDP, which emphasises the necessity for all communities to be protected.

The present Rural Security Technique was totally applied at 880 rural and rural/city combined police stations, according to the set standards of the 4 pillars of the Rural Security Technique.

Operational Response Companies

The duty to reply to and stabilise medium to high-risk incidents, to make sure that regular policing continues, falls beneath the broader tactical atmosphere of the Nationwide Intervention models (NIU), the Particular Activity Power (STF) models, the POP models and Cellular Operations beneath the Operational Response Service Division.

Specialised interventions

The policing and stabilising of public dysfunction and the duty to reply to medium to high-risk incidents, in addition to to make sure that regular policing continues, falls beneath the POP models and the broader tactical atmosphere of the NIU, the STF models, Tactical Response groups and Cellular Operations.

Nationwide Operational Coordination is liable for creating, implementing and monitoring an built-in all of presidency and police particular operations, to handle SAPS and Justice, Crime Prevention and Safety priorities and managing main occasions. The 2 Cellular Operations models are liable for the safeguarding of invaluable and/or harmful authorities cargo.

SAPS Air Wing

The SAPS Air Wing supplies air help for crime-related issues to police stations, different models and specialised forces. Name-outs embody airborne help, in respect of armed robberies, home robberies, hijacking, car theft, inventory theft, sport theft, critical and violent crime investigations, unrest-related incidents and crowd management, operational help to different models, in addition to search and rescue incidents.

Airport safety

In responding to follow-home robberies, and different associated crimes in opposition to worldwide and home travellers, in addition to airport customers, invaluable cargo and corruption, in and across the Oliver Tambo Worldwide Airport (ORTIA), a Nationwide Key Level, an Built-in Multidisciplinary Tactical Safety Plan was developed on the ORTIA.

A multidisciplinary investigation workforce was shaped to work intently with different authorities departments and safety firms to take care of the dangers and threats concerned when travellers arrive or depart from the airport.

Because the implementation of the plan, crime at ORTIA was decreased. The plan was rolled out to different recognized ports, together with the Cape City and King Shaka Worldwide Airports, Durban and Cape City Harbours, in addition to Beit Bridge and Lebombo Ports of Entry, throughout 2018/19.

The Aviation Policing Studying Programme goals to equip SAPS all members within the civil-aviation atmosphere with the required expertise, data and functionality to safe, shield and safeguard passengers, crew, floor personnel, most of the people and the airport infrastructure

Detective Service

The Detective Service Programme contains the Crime Investigations, Specialised Investigations, Felony File Centre and Forensic Service Laboratory Subprogrammes, that are managed by the Detective Service and Forensic Companies Divisions, in addition to the DPCI.

The Detective Service Division is liable for managing the actions of the Detective Service, in accordance with the mission and priorities of the SAPS and to actively implement and train efficient management over these actions.

The aim of the Division is to allow the investigative work of the SAPS, together with offering help to investigators, by way of forensic proof and felony data. The target of the Division is the profitable prosecution of offenders by investigating, gathering and analysing proof.

Crime detection

The detection of crime is the method that the SAPS undertakes, which extends from the time that the SAPS turns into conscious of a criminal offense and the place a case docket is subsequently opened for investigation, till the time {that a} suspect has been arrested and charged or the case docket has been closed off as unfounded or as withdrawn earlier than courtroom.

This course of contains the usage of recognised investigative aids and the companies of different divisions inside the SAPS. 

Bureau for Lacking Individuals

When an individual goes lacking, it’s of the utmost significance for the SAPS to fulfil its mandate to serve and shield the residents of South Africa.

There is no such thing as a ready interval to report a lacking individual.

  • Report a lacking individual at your nearest police station instantly. Produce a latest {photograph} of the lacking individual, if doable.
  • Give an entire description of the lacking individual’s final whereabouts, garments that they had been carrying, in addition to any info that may help the investigating officer.
  • Full and signal a SAPS 55(A) kind. This manner safeguards the SAPS from hoax reviews and indemnifies the SAPS to distribute the {photograph} and data of the lacking individual.
  • Receive the investigating officer’s contact particulars, and ship any further info which may develop into obtainable.

If a lacking individual is discovered or returns voluntarily, inform the investigating officer instantly. A SAPS 92 kind should be accomplished to tell the Bureau of Lacking Individuals that the lacking individual’s report might be faraway from the circulation system.

Crime Cease

Crime Cease supplies ongoing help within the investigation, fixing and prevention of crime. On receipt of tip-offs, via a toll-free quantity (08600 10111), SMS or digital media, it’s transmitted to the related police station for the required consideration.

Household Violence, Kids Safety and Sexual Offence

The FCS Investigation Service contains FCS Investigations and Serial and Digital FCS investigations. This part emanates from the FCS mandate to make sure the efficient and environment friendly investigation of crime that emerges from recognized serial FCS offenders and digital crimes (little one pornography).

The Forensic Social Work Companies Part is liable for rendering forensic social work help to those investigations.

It’s a specialised investigation unit which was established to make sure effectiveness and effectivity in combating crimes in opposition to girls and kids, by the use of each proactive and reactive methods.

The forensic social employee acts as a impartial impartial fact-finder, who assessments a number of hypotheses, via strategies which are legally defensible in courtroom.

Crimes in opposition to girls and kids

Violence in opposition to girls and kids takes many types, together with bodily, sexual, financial and psychosocial, however all of those signify a violation of human dignity and human rights and have lasting penalties for ladies and kids, in addition to their communities.

The discount of significant crime stays an important problem for the SAPS. Unacceptably excessive ranges of crime in South Africa, particularly critical and violent crime, end in individuals of South Africa dwelling in worry and feeling unsafe, significantly susceptible teams corresponding to girls and kids.

Subsequently, addressing crimes in opposition to girls and kids continues to be a precedence for the SAPS.

Specialised Investigations

The DPCI was established as an impartial directorate inside the SAPS, by way of Part 17C of the SAPS Act of 1995, as amended by the SAPS Act of 2008. The DPCI mandate is to stop, fight and examine nationwide precedence offences, specifically critical organised crime, critical business crime, critical corruption and cybercrime.

Critical business crime

Critical business crime refers to critical fraud, forgery and uttering, theft (such because the theft of belief funds), business crime, that’s of such extent or complexity that it requires the companies of a chartered accountant or different specialists or specialists, throughout investigation and contraventions of sure statutes regarding business crime, together with statutes regarding, amongst others, firms, trusts and shut firms, lengthy and short-term insurance coverage, the counterfeiting of foreign money, the counterfeiting and illicit commerce in counterfeit merchandise and items, mental property rights, banks and the banking business, alternate management, property brokers, critical corruption and cyber-related crime. 

Critical organised crime

Critical Organised Crime models examine declared precedence crimes via Critical Organised Crime Undertaking Investigations (OCPI).

These crimes, embody narcotics, theft of non-ferrous metals, theft of copper cables, dealing in abalone, cash laundering, fraud, gang-related homicide, wildlife trafficking, unlawful commerce in tobacco merchandise, corruption, forgery, automobile and truck hijacking, dealing in stolen property, cultivation of hydrophobic hashish and unlawful drug manufacturing, as regulated by the Prevention and Combating of Corrupt Actions Act of 2004 and the Prevention of Organised Crime Act of 1998

Critical corruption

Critical corruption, contains the misuse of a public or personal workplace or place or sources with a corrupt intent and will embody an act of bribery, nepotism, extortion, fraud and theft. This contains however shouldn’t be restricted to, offences beneath the Prevention and Combating of Corrupt Actions Act of 2004.

The DPCI Critical Corruption Investigation Unit has achieved main successes in arresting officers concerned in procurement fraud and corruption-related circumstances.

Cybercrime

Cybercrime investigation inside the SAPS is evolving into a particular investigative self-discipline. The event of investigative disciplines inside the SAPS, corresponding to digital forensic investigation, on-line investigation, unauthorised entry and intrusion investigation and open supply social media investigation, are entrenched in investigative methodologies aligned to worldwide benchmarking requirements.

The Cybercrime Technique and Implementation Framework are anticipated to supply an built-in framework for the SAPS to handle cybercrime.

Forensic Science Laboratory

The SAPS stays dedicated in direction of the realisation of processing the completely different classes of reveals/entries (routine case reveals/entries, non-routine case reveals/entries, precedence case reveals/entries and intelligence case reveals/ entries).

The backlog of circumstances reveals/entries not but finalised, stays at very low ranges and in addition beneath the worldwide acceptable norm of 10% of circumstances available.

The laws requires that authorised individuals (educated detectives) might take DNA buccal samples from sure classes of individuals.

The implementation of laws such because the DNA and Fingerprint Acts, is proving to be a catalyst in linking unidentified perpetrators to felony offences, the place forensic bodily materials is left on the crime scene.

Investigative Psychology continues to play a crucial position within the linking of suspects to serial circumstances and guaranteeing associated arrests, sentencing and convictions. DNA proof and, specifically, the Nationwide Forensic DNA Database is proving to be probably the most efficient investigative strategies of figuring out and convicting serial rapists. 

Crime Intelligence

The Crime Intelligence Programme contains the Intelligence Operations and the Intelligence and Data Administration subprogrammes, managed by the Crime Intelligence Division.

This division is liable for the gathering, collation, analysis, evaluation and coordination of intelligence. Legislative prescriptions require the SAPS to restrict its intelligence actions to crime, felony actions and securityrelated issues.

The core operate of Crime Intelligence is to supply intelligence to operational divisions for the use within the prevention of crime or to conduct felony investigations and to arrange proof for the aim of regulation enforcement and the prosecution of offenders.

Crime Intelligence is a key enabler in help of each proactive and reactive policing. The Division additionally offered intelligence-related companies corresponding to life-style audits, safety screening and vetting to the SAPS.

Intelligence and Data Administration

Proactive intelligence merchandise embody risk and danger evaluation and early warning reviews. The aim of a risk and danger evaluation is to supply intelligence/ info to operational models for the aim of stopping the perpetration of sure felony acts.

Additionally it is used to find out the drive and sources required for deployment to handle recognized crime threats/ dangers successfully.

Crime Intelligence generates early warning reviews  containing proactive info of an imminent risk, that’s both being deliberate or is already rising and requires policing intervention.

Reactive intelligence merchandise embody profiles and intelligence evaluation reviews, corresponding to communication evaluation reviews and affiliation/community evaluation reviews

Safety and Safety Service (PSS)

The PSS Programme contains the VIP Safety Companies, the Static and Cellular Safety and the Authorities Safety Regulator subprogrammes, managed by the PSS Division and the Presidential Safety Service (PPS) part.

The PPS division is a nationwide competency with 9 provincial places of work situated all through South Africa. The division supplies in-transit and static safety to all recognized VIPs, together with the Speaker/Deputy Speaker of the Nationwide Meeting, Ministers/Deputy Ministers, premiers, members of the Government Council, the Chief Justice, decide presidents and advert hoc VIPs, by way of the Danger Data Administration Assist System Coverage and Nationwide Key Factors and recognized strategic installations (nationwide and provincial authorities departments).

The division additionally supplies safety to recognized overseas dignitaries, who’re visiting South Africa. Static safety, embody the provisioning of safety to the ten parliaments (the Nationwide Meeting and 9 provincial legislatures). 

Presidential Safety Companies

The PPS part is a nationwide competency with provincial places of work, that are situated in Gauteng, the Western Cape, KwaZulu-Natal and the Jap Cape.

The part supplies in-transit and static safety to the President, the Deputy President, former presidents, former deputy presidents, their spouses, recognized VIPs, together with overseas heads of state/authorities, former heads of state/authorities and their spouses and at recognized authorities installations.

The in-transit safety operate is carried out in Gauteng, the Western Cape and KwaZulu-Natal. In-transit and static safety are supported by K9, Bomb Disposal, Technical Assist, Bodily Safety Compliance and Excessive-Danger Operations personnel

Seen policing

The Seen Policing Programme contains the Crime Prevention, Border Safety and Specialised Interventions subprogrammes, that are managed by the Seen Policing and the Operational Response Companies divisions.

The Seen Policing Division supplies course on the efficient combating of crime, via the provisioning of a visual policing service. The aim of the division is to discourage all crime, by offering a proactive and responsive policing service, striving in direction of the discount of crime ranges and to instil neighborhood confidence within the SAPS.

The division offers with the strategic, tactical and operational method in policing, to handle the incidence of crime with the intention to scale back and fight crime, enhance the SAPS’s response time, improve neighborhood mobilisation and partnerships, encourage victim-empowerment programmes, deal with the proliferation of firearms, deal with incidents of illegal possession and the dealing in medication, in addition to the closure of markets for stolen items. 

Unbiased Police Investigative Directorate

The operate of IPID is to make sure impartial oversight of the SAPS and the municipal police companies (MPS), conduct impartial and neutral investigations of recognized felony offences allegedly dedicated by members of the SAPS and MPS, and make applicable suggestions.

The IPID Act of 2011 grants the IPID an prolonged mandate and modifications the main focus of the its work from a complaintsdriven organisation to 1 that prioritises the investigative operate.

The Act additional locations stringent obligations on the SAPS and MPS to report issues that should be investigated by the directorate and make sure the implementation of the disciplinary suggestions of the directorate.

Excessive-impact circumstances embody, however should not restricted to, corruption, systemic corruption, demise whereas in police custody, demise on account of police motion, rape by a police officer whether or not on or off obligation, and rape whereas in police custody.

The directorate additionally investigates the incidence of different felony offences by the police corresponding to assault, torture and discharge of an official firearm

Defence

The Department of Defence (DoD) derives its mandate from Part 200 of the Structure of the Republic of South Africa of 1996; the Defence Act of 2002, as amended by the Defence Modification Act of 2010; the 1996 White Paper on Defence; and the 2015 South African Defence Evaluate.

The division is required to supply, handle, put together and make use of defence capabilities which are commensurate with the wants of South Africa.

The NDP requires an built-in, holistic method to security and safety that tackles the basis causes of crime and ensures South Africa’s lengthy‐time period stability, in addition to peace and stability in Africa.

This imaginative and prescient is supported by Precedence 5 (social cohesion and protected communities) and Precedence 7 (a greater Africa and world) of presidency’s 2019‐2024 MTSF.

In its efforts to offer expression to those key insurance policies over the medium time period, the DoD will concentrate on making a sustainable defence drive, enhancing border safeguarding and territorial integrity, taking part in peace help operations in Africa, and taking part in inside operations via collaboration with different departments.

Making a sustainable defence drive

The division goals to reply to the constrained fiscal atmosphere by specializing in measures to create a defence drive that’s extra environment friendly, sustainable and succesful. These measures embody utilizing inside personnel for fundamental upkeep and repairs; introducing measures to boost income, such because the leasing and promoting of defence property; and maximising reimbursements from the United Nations as a part of South Africa’s peace help operations within the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

Enhancing border safeguarding and territorial integrity

Securing South Africa’s borders stays a key precedence for the South African Nationwide Defence Power (SANDF). Over the medium time period, the division was anticipated to take care of its deployment of 15 landward subunits to patrol a focused 4 471 kilometres of South Africa’s land borders. It was additionally anticipated to accumulate navy tools and know-how to make sure the integrity of the nation’s borders and improve the capability of landward subunits.

Taking part in peace help operations in Africa

Over the medium time period, the division will proceed to take part in peace help operations within the DRC beneath the auspices of the United Nations stabilisation mission. On this deployment, the SANDF participates within the Power Intervention Brigade and deploys an infantry battalion supported by a composite helicopter unit, a tactical intelligence unit and navy observers.

Peace help

Peacekeeping missions are a crucial component to reply to battle, forestall battle and deter potential aggressors.

The division additionally contributes to home security and safety by conducting inside operations corresponding to border safeguarding and operations in help of different authorities departments.

Maritime security and safety

The South African Navy continues to arrange naval forces for operations in help of the maritime safety technique.

These operations contain ongoing maritime border patrols alongside the Mozambican channel to fight piracy.

A brand new hydrographic survey vessel will likely be used to conduct hydrographic analysis to supply nautical charts, and guarantee protected navigation for navy and civilian delivery.

The vessel additionally types a part of Operation Phakisa, an initiative to unlock the financial potential of South Africa’s oceans. 

Division of Army Veterans (DMV)

The DMV derives its mandate from the Army Veterans Act of 2011, which requires the division to supply nationwide coverage and requirements on socio-economic help to navy veterans and to their dependants, together with advantages and entitlement to assist realise a dignified, unified, empowered and self-sufficient neighborhood of navy veterans.

The division continues to ship key advantages corresponding to housing, training, coaching and expertise improvement, and entry to healthcare to navy veterans and their dependants.

Armaments Company of South Africa (Armscor)

The mission of Armscor is to satisfy the acquisition, upkeep and disposal wants of the DoD and different shoppers by way of defence matériel, and associated services.

The company maintains strategic capabilities and applied sciences, and promotes the native defence associated business, guaranteeing that the SANDF receives high quality tools to hold out its mandate.

To keep up competitiveness, the company goals to accumulate capital property corresponding to armoured autos and helicopters in an economically viable method.

Denel 

Denel, a state-owned firm, is the most important producer of defence tools in South Africa and operates within the navy aerospace and landward defence atmosphere.

It is a crucial defence contractor in its home market and a key provider to the SANDF, each as unique tools producer and for the overhaul, upkeep, restore, refurbishment and improve of apparatus within the SANDF’s arsenal.

Intelligence companies

The State Security Agency’s (SSA) mandate is to supply authorities with intelligence on home, overseas or potential threats to nationwide stability, the constitutional order, and the security and well-being of its individuals. This permits authorities to implement and enhance insurance policies to take care of potential threats and to raised perceive present threats.

The SSA contains:

  • the Home Department (previously the Nationwide Intelligence Company)
  • the Overseas Department (previously the South African Secret Service)
  • the Intelligence Academy (previously the South African Nationwide Academy of Intelligence)
  • Nationwide Communications, which incorporates the previous Nationwide Communications Centre, Workplace for Interception Centres and Digital Communications Safety (Pty) Ltd.

The SSA focuses on issues of nationwide curiosity, together with terrorism, sabotage, subversion, espionage and organised crime.  It additionally conducts vetting for all authorities departments according to its counter-intelligence mandate to make sure safe situations to allow departments and key state entities to do their work. 

Supply: Official Guide to South Africa

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