IEC ESS 2021 abstract outcomes

DATE: 3 November 2021

Voice of the Voter

2021 Native Authorities Elections:

Election Satisfaction Survey (ESS)

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Nationwide Outcomes

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The Electoral Fee (IEC)

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Human Sciences Analysis Council (HSRC)

Developmental, Succesful and Moral State (DCES) analysis division

3 November 2021, 0700am


The Electoral Fee of South Africa (IEC) commissioned the Human Sciences Analysis Council (HSRC) in 2021 to conduct two research associated to the 2021 Native Authorities Elections: firstly a Voter Participation Survey (VPS), which was carried out in September-October 2021, and secondly an Election Satisfaction Survey (ESS) carried out on Election Day. 

The principle purpose of the Election Satisfaction Survey 2021 was to find out opinions and perceptions of voters relating to the freeness and equity of the electoral course of. An additional purpose of the research was to evaluate the operational effectivity of the Electoral Fee in managing the 2021 Native Authorities Elections. That is necessary in evaluating the credibility and integrity of the 2021 elections.

The research was carried out amongst greater than 12,000 South Africans who voted within the 2021 Native Authorities Elections. The goal inhabitants for the research was people aged 18 years and older who’re South African residents, and who’re registered as voters for the 2021 Native Authorities Elections.

2.Survey Pattern

A fancy pattern design was utilized in drawing the pattern of voting stations. The design included stratification and a multi-stage sampling process. This was to make sure that a nationally consultant pattern of voting stations was chosen and the outcomes of the survey may very well be correctly weighted to the inhabitants of registered voters within the nation. On the precise voting stations, fieldworkers used random sampling to pick voters to make sure a good illustration by way of gender, race, age, and incapacity standing. 

A pattern of 300 voting stations countrywide has been chosen for the needs of the research. With a purpose to guarantee consultant information from every province, the distribution of the voting stations and the variety of interviews on the voting stations will probably be proportional to the Electoral Fee’s distribution of registered voters. At every voting station, 50 voters had been anticipated to be interviewed throughout the course of the day. These had been divided into 4 time slots to make sure a good unfold of interviews over totally different instances of the day, when totally different situational dynamics may need been skilled on the voting stations. Interviewing was carried out by the use of computer-assisted private interviewing (CAPI). 

The next outcomes are based mostly on the interim captured pattern of voter responses (quantity = 12,229) collected on 1nd November 2021. The outcomes haven’t but been weighted to the inhabitants of registered voters, however that is anticipated to have both minor or no discernible impact on the chances reported. 

3.Voter Election Satisfaction Survey Outcomes

Common Voting Expertise 

•68% of voters took lower than quarter-hour to achieve their voting stations, with 22% taking between 16-Half-hour, 7% taking between 31-60 minutes and three% longer than an hour. 

•On common, 77% of voters waited lower than quarter-hour within the queue earlier than voting, 15% took between 16-Half-hour, whereas solely 7% ready for longer. 

•Total, 86% of the voters discovered the voting stations simply accessible to individuals with disabilities and the aged whereas 7% didn’t. 

•96% reported satisfaction with the directions and signage at their voting stations.

•97% discovered the voting procedures contained in the voting station simple to grasp.

Consideration of voting process for individuals with particular wants

•Nearly all of voters acknowledged that the voting procedures thought of the wants of the aged (91%), individuals with disabilities (85%), the partially sighted and blind (76%), pregnant ladies (77%), and ladies with infants (77%).  

Timing of choice to vote within the election

•Choices about whether or not to vote had been largely made months previous to Election Day, with 62% deciding greater than six months beforehand, and an additional fifth (18%) deciding between 1 and 6 months beforehand. Solely a small share determined upon their voting choice on Election Day (4%) or throughout the month beforehand (15%).  

Perceived secrecy of vote

•96% of voters expressed satisfaction with the secrecy of their vote. Provincially, this various between 94% within the Western Cape and North West and 99% in Limpopo.

Political celebration tolerance

•61% of voters expressed the view that political events had been very tolerant of each other throughout the 2021 election campaigns, with 26% reporting that events had been considerably tolerant of one another. Against this, 7% perceived intolerance, whereas 6% had been unsure. 

Electoral Freeness and Equity

•An awesome majority of sampled voters (95%) really feel that the election procedures had been free. Provincially, this ranges from 90% within the Western Cape to 98% in Mpumalanga.  

•Equally, 94% of the voters are of the opinion that the election procedures had been truthful. Provincially, this determine varies between 90% within the Western Cape and 99% in Mpumalanga. 

Electoral Fee efficiency

•96% voiced normal satisfaction with the standard of companies rendered by electoral employees to voters, with 3% expressing a impartial place and 1% dissatisfied. Provincially, satisfaction ranged between 93% in North West and Gauteng and 98% in Mpumalanga and Limpopo. 

•Voters had been requested to fee 7 features of the conduct of IEC officers at their voting station. Total, there was a really constructive evaluation of officers. They rated officers as extraordinarily useful (81%), pleasant (80%), affected person (80%), sincere (79%), skilled (78%), keen on their jobs (78%), and neutral (69%).  

Voter schooling

•60% of voters believed that the IEC’s voter schooling was very efficient, 25% considerably efficient (whole effectiveness = 85%), and 6% indicating that it was ineffective. 9% had been unsure or not sure of how to reply to the query on voter schooling effectiveness.

 Security and Safety

•93% of voters expressed satisfaction with the protection and safety that was offered at their voting stations, whereas 2% had been discontent and 4% had been impartial or unsure. 

•Satisfaction with this dimension of the electoral expertise ranged between 89% in Gauteng and 98% in Northern Cape and Mpumalanga.

COVID-19 Security Protocols

•92% of voters had been satisfied that the Electoral Fee had carried out sufficient to guard voters from COVID-19 at their voting stations, with solely 3% dissatisfied and 5% impartial or unsure. Provincially, this varies between 84% within the Western Cape and 98% in Mpumalanga.

•The proportion of voters that report being vaccinated is 68%, which is appreciably greater than the nationwide common. This means that there was a better tendency among the many vaccinated to prove and forged their poll than the unvaccinated. 

Views on the poll paper

•The Electoral Fee is dedicated to making sure that the native authorities poll papers had been simply usable by the voting public, permitting every voter to shortly and precisely file their most well-liked alternative of celebration in a context of accelerating numbers of contesting events. 

•94% of voters had been happy general with the poll papers used on this election, ranging between 88% and 98% provincially.

•Equally, 93% discovered it simple to search out their celebration of alternative on the poll papers, ranging between 87% and 98% provincially.

Reported coercion on Election Day

•Voters had been requested whether or not anybody attempt to power you to vote for a sure political celebration or impartial candidate. In response 2,5% stated this occurred exterior the voting station, and 0,5 % contained in the voting station. 

Confidence within the vote counting course of

•In whole, 84% of voters had been utterly or very assured that their vote could be precisely counted (52% utterly assured; 32% very assured). Just one% stated that they had been ‘not assured in any respect’ within the vote counting course of.

Total confidence within the Electoral Fee

•Taking all issues into consideration, 90% of voters indicated that they belief or strongly belief the Electoral Fee usually (51% strongly, 39% reasonably), whereas solely 7% had been impartial, 2% had been distrusting, and 1% had been unsure.

 •Different nationally consultant surveying by the HSRC carried out over the previous 20 years has proven that belief within the Electoral Fee has declined throughout the 2010s. This decline is to a lesser extent than different political establishments and it stays one of the crucial trusted establishments within the nation. Declining belief within the Fee is partly on account of normal disillusionment with the functioning of democracy and the efficiency of core political establishments. 

4.Ultimate evaluation

Primarily based on an interim evaluation of voter interviews collected on Election Day, the Human Sciences Analysis Council (HSRC) finds that the voting public is overwhelmingly assured that the 2021 Native Authorities Elections had been each free and truthful. As with earlier nationwide and provincial in addition to municipal elections, voters offered an overwhelmingly constructive analysis of the administration efficiency of the Electoral Fee (IEC) and the conduct of officers at voting stations. These voter evaluations level firmly to the continued integrity of elections within the nation. 

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